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Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

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Moscow proclaimed a e White Ruthenian Republic * complete with its
4 government * and, at the same time, established a c Polish government/
Advancing further into Poland, the Russians then created, in TarnopoL,
the c Gaiizlan Revolutionary Committee.' On July 31, 1920., an abortive
provisional government was nominated for Poland with Felix Dzierzhinsky
(already the powerful head cf Czeka), Felix Kon, E. Pnichniak, J.
Unschlicht and J. Marchlewski, as the chairman.* Similar quasi-govern-
rnents were created by the Russians for her neighbours, not only for those
countries on their western border^ but elsewhere, as, for instance, in 1921,
in Outer Mongolia. But all these ( governments * formed in the Russian
capital were alien to the countries for which they were predestined, and
they never in fact came into being, eventually passing into oblivion
without leaving any trace of their existence.

At any rate,, Lenin had been fairly certain when he created his competi-
tive governments, supported by the bayonets of the Red Army, that these
' governments ' were the concrete expression of an active revolutionary
movement in the countries themselves. Stalin, however, was fully aware
that no revolutionary or pro-Soviet feeling existed in those countries west
of Russia. Nevertheless, the possibilities connected with the use of such
bodies acting through the medium of Soviet propaganda and diplomacy
were so great, that Stalin could not resist the temptation of repeating the
same tactics. The first, the * Finnish People's Government * was formed
in 1939, and was composed from Finnish emigrants, with Otto Kuuisinen
as the Premier, residing in the Soviet Union. This pseudo-Finnish
Government immediately concluded an e agreement ' with Moscow, and
4 requested ' the Kremlin for military assistance. The request was whole-
heartedly granted and the Russian troops, assisting the * rightful Govern-
ment * (according to Moscow) invaded Finland. Thus, formally, the
Soviets were never at war with Finland, but, later on, forgetful of the role
played by Kuuisinen3 they were to conclude a peace with that country.

In 1943, the Kremlin had no group of malcontents in Poland, nor any
Party at its disposal, nor in this instance even a single person who might
be employed in the role such as Dr. Benes had played in the Czecho-
slovak affair. And, although in 1943 the Kremlin, still held about
one million Poles in their power, it proved difficult and, as it transpired,
impossible to find anyone who would volunteer to be Stalin's candidate
for the position of Commissar in a future c friendly * Poland.

The creation of a competitive Polish-Soviet Government in Moscow
seemed to be over-stepping the mark in 1943, when the Kremlin still had
to consider the Anglo-Saxon Allies. As experience had shown, none
of these f governments * formed on Russian soil had proved Iucky3
neither the Polish Revolutionary Committee of 1920 nor the Finnish

J.3  Wojna   i   mir   mieshdu Bitrskuamaj Polshej  i
Rassijej.    War and Peace between  Bourgeois   Poland   and Proletarian Russia.
Moscow, 1921.